Government And The Legislative Branch – Part 1

Let me apologize for doing this in two parts.  These posts take a LOT of looking, reading etc.  I don’t want to write anything incorrect and I want it to be easy to understand.  A little of this goes a long way to in food for thought.


Fact: The US Constitution governs all of our branches of government.

Did you know: The US has territories. A territory generally has a territorial governor appointed by the (US) Federal government. They usually do not have any elected body of representatives. In addition they have no representation in Congress. Most territories have too few people to require any state or federal representation. Definition from The easiest way to explain territories are children under the age of 18  <–example. We are responsible for them and these people ARE US citizens.
American Samoa
Bajo Nuevo Bank
Baker Island
Howland Island
Jarvis Island
Johnston Atoll
Kingman Reef
Midway Islands
Navassa Island
Northern Mariana Islands
Palmyra Atoll
Puerto Rico
Serranilla Bank
US Virgin Islands
Wake Island

Congress: the supreme legislative body of a nation and especially of a republic


Today I want to discuss the Legislative branch of our government. This might be a little confusing but I’ll do my best. The Legislative branch consists of the House of Representative and the Senate. This is part of the “checks and balances” to keep any one person in our government from having supreme rule.


Congress, which is the legislative branch, has the power to create laws, but they must go to the president, who can veto the law. This doesn’t keep it from being passed. Because of “checks and balances” that doesn’t mean it is already in the can, it means that it must go through a different process to be passed.


The House of Representatives if the lower house of the US Congress. They have 435 elected officials. House seats are given according to each state’s population.


The Senate is the upper house in the US Congress. There are 2 elected senators from each state. Senators are elected for six year terms. The vice president of the US is the presiding officer of the Senate. (Aka the tie breaker)


The House and the Senate have similar but different jobs.  They also each have exclusive powers.


The Senate approves presidential appointments such as cabinet officers, federal judges, department secretaries, US military and naval officers, and ambassadors to foreign countries.


All legislative bills to raise revenue must originate in the House of Representatives.  The approval of both chambers is required to pass all legislation, and then becomes law with the signature of the president.  IF the president vetoes the bill, both the Senate and the House of Representatives will re-pass the bill.  This must be accomplished with a 2/3 majority in each chamber, and then the bill becomes law without the signature of the president.  Moral of the story?  The House and Senate can override the president.


Generally speaking our government works best when we have a Democrat President, and a Republican House and Senate.


If we have a Republican President and a Democrat House and Senate.


The reason the above works best is because it more adequately represents all of the people or at least this is what I was taught in school.  I’m sure not everyone will agree but when you have a good mix of all powers it more closely represents everyone.  The laws are harder to pass and they all must work hard and together to get the laws and bills passed.



2 comments for “Government And The Legislative Branch – Part 1

  1. ellen beck
    November 3, 2018 at 11:32 pm

    In years past, yes, I think what we were taught about opposing parties on either side worked well.Now they all go party line. Nothing wrong with it, if it makes sense to do so, but in some cases it has caused shut downs :/

    I liked how you explained territories, I have always wondered is if as a US citizen if we need passports there and how say social security would work there? One day I have to dabble about.

    • November 5, 2018 at 10:25 am

      I’ll have to look into the territories more. I know when I have gone to the territories I’ve only needed a birth certificate but that was pre 911.

      I hate the shut downs and we need to weed out lifers. I don’t think these positions were made for people to hold for a life time. As people get older they lose touch with the young folk. I also think the politicians get a little to comfy in their seats and they don’t do us any good.

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